Ternary Operation
In mathematics, a ternary operation is an ''n''ary operation with ''n'' = 3. A ternary operation on a set ''A'' takes any given three elements of ''A'' and combines them to form a single element of ''A''. In computer science, a ternary operator is an operator that takes three arguments as input and returns one output. Examples The function T(a, b, c) = ab + c is an example of a ternary operation on the integers (or on any structure where + and \times are both defined). Properties of this ternary operation have been used to define planar ternary rings in the foundations of projective geometry. In the Euclidean plane with points ''a'', ''b'', ''c'' referred to an origin, the ternary operation , b, c= a  b + c has been used to define free vectors. Since (''abc'') = ''d'' implies ''a'' – ''b'' = ''c'' – ''d'', these directed segments are equipollent and are associated with the same free vector. Any three points in the plane ''a, b, c'' thus determine a parallelogram with ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Mathematics
Mathematics is an area of knowledge that includes the topics of numbers, formulas and related structures, shapes and the spaces in which they are contained, and quantities and their changes. These topics are represented in modern mathematics with the major subdisciplines of number theory, algebra, geometry, and mathematical analysis, analysis, respectively. There is no general consensus among mathematicians about a common definition for their academic discipline. Most mathematical activity involves the discovery of properties of mathematical object, abstract objects and the use of pure reason to proof (mathematics), prove them. These objects consist of either abstraction (mathematics), abstractions from nature orin modern mathematicsentities that are stipulated to have certain properties, called axioms. A ''proof'' consists of a succession of applications of inference rule, deductive rules to already established results. These results include previously proved theorems, axioms ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Projective Harmonic Conjugate
In projective geometry, the harmonic conjugate point of an ordered triple of points on the real projective line is defined by the following construction: :Given three collinear points , let be a point not lying on their join and let any line through meet at respectively. If and meet at , and meets at , then is called the harmonic conjugate of with respect to . The point does not depend on what point is taken initially, nor upon what line through is used to find and . This fact follows from Desargues theorem. In real projective geometry, harmonic conjugacy can also be defined in terms of the crossratio as . Crossratio criterion The four points are sometimes called a harmonic range (on the real projective line) as it is found that always divides the segment ''internally'' in the same proportion as divides ''externally''. That is: :, AC, :, BC, = , AD, :, DB, \, . If these segments are now endowed with the ordinary metric interpretation of real num ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Icon (programming Language)
: Icon is a very highlevel programming language based on the concept of "goaldirected execution" in which code returns a "success" along with valid values, or a "failure", indicating that there is no valid data to return. The success and failure of a given block of code is used to direct further processing, whereas conventional languages would typically use boolean logic written by the programmer to achieve the same ends. Because the logic for basic control structures is often implicit in Icon, common tasks can be completed with less explicit code. Icon was designed by Ralph Griswold after leaving Bell Labs where he was a major contributor to the SNOBOL language. SNOBOL was a stringprocessing language with what would be considered dated syntax by the standards of the early 1970s. After moving to the University of Arizona, he further developed the underlying SNOBOL concepts in SL5, but considered the result to be a failure. This led to the significantly updated Icon, which blend ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Multiply–accumulate Operation
In computing, especially digital signal processing, the multiply–accumulate (MAC) or multiplyadd (MAD) operation is a common step that computes the product of two numbers and adds that product to an accumulator. The hardware unit that performs the operation is known as a multiplier–accumulator (MAC unit); the operation itself is also often called a MAC or a MAD operation. The MAC operation modifies an accumulator ''a'': :\ a \leftarrow a + ( b \times c ) When done with floating point numbers, it might be performed with two roundings (typical in many DSPs), or with a single rounding. When performed with a single rounding, it is called a fused multiply–add (FMA) or fused multiply–accumulate (FMAC). Modern computers may contain a dedicated MAC, consisting of a multiplier implemented in combinational logic followed by an adder and an accumulator register that stores the result. The output of the register is fed back to one input of the adder, so that on each clock cy ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

OCaml
OCaml ( , formerly Objective Caml) is a generalpurpose, multiparadigm programming language Programming paradigms are a way to classify programming languages based on their features. Languages can be classified into multiple paradigms. Some paradigms are concerned mainly with implications for the execution model of the language, suc ... which extends the Caml dialect of ML (programming language), ML with objectoriented programming, objectoriented features. OCaml was created in 1996 by Xavier Leroy, Jérôme Vouillon, Damien Doligez, Didier Rémy, Ascánder Suárez, and others. The OCaml toolchain includes an interactive toplevel Interpreter (computing), interpreter, a bytecode compiler, an optimizing native code compiler, a reversible debugger, and a package manager (OPAM). OCaml was initially developed in the context of automated theorem proving, and has an outsize presence in static program analysis, static analysis and formal methods software. Beyond these areas, ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Python (programming Language)
Python is a highlevel, generalpurpose programming language. Its design philosophy emphasizes code readability with the use of significant indentation. Python is dynamicallytyped and garbagecollected. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including structured (particularly procedural), objectoriented and functional programming. It is often described as a "batteries included" language due to its comprehensive standard library. Guido van Rossum began working on Python in the late 1980s as a successor to the ABC programming language and first released it in 1991 as Python 0.9.0. Python 2.0 was released in 2000 and introduced new features such as list comprehensions, cycledetecting garbage collection, reference counting, and Unicode support. Python 3.0, released in 2008, was a major revision that is not completely backwardcompatible with earlier versions. Python 2 was discontinued with version 2.7.18 in 2020. Python consistently r ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Conditional (programming)
In computer science, conditionals (that is, conditional statements, conditional expressions and conditional constructs,) are programming language commands for handling decisions. Specifically, conditionals perform different computations or actions depending on whether a programmerdefined boolean ''condition'' evaluates to true or false. In terms of control flow, the decision is always achieved by selectively altering the control flow based on some condition (apart from the case of branch predication). Although dynamic dispatch is not usually classified as a conditional construct, it is another way to select between alternatives at runtime. Terminology In imperative programming languages, the term "conditional statement" is usually used, whereas in functional programming, the terms "conditional expression" or "conditional construct" are preferred, because these terms all have distinct meanings. If–then(–else) The if–then construct (sometimes called if–then–els ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

C Syntax
C, or c, is the third letter in the Latin alphabet, used in the modern English alphabet, the alphabets of other western European languages and others worldwide. Its name in English is ''cee'' (pronounced ), plural ''cees''. History "C" comes from the same letter as "G". The Semites named it gimel. The sign is possibly adapted from an Egyptian hieroglyph for a staff sling, which may have been the meaning of the name ''gimel''. Another possibility is that it depicted a camel, the Semitic name for which was ''gamal''. Barry B. Powell, a specialist in the history of writing, states "It is hard to imagine how gimel = "camel" can be derived from the picture of a camel (it may show his hump, or his head and neck!)". In the Etruscan language, plosive consonants had no contrastive voicing, so the Greek ' Γ' (Gamma) was adopted into the Etruscan alphabet to represent . Already in the Western Greek alphabet, Gamma first took a '' form in Early Etruscan, then '' in Classical Et ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Programming Language
A programming language is a system of notation for writing computer programs. Most programming languages are textbased formal languages, but they may also be graphical. They are a kind of computer language. The description of a programming language is usually split into the two components of syntax (form) and semantics (meaning), which are usually defined by a formal language. Some languages are defined by a specification document (for example, the C programming language is specified by an ISO Standard) while other languages (such as Perl) have a dominant implementation that is treated as a reference. Some languages have both, with the basic language defined by a standard and extensions taken from the dominant implementation being common. Programming language theory is the subfield of computer science that studies the design, implementation, analysis, characterization, and classification of programming languages. Definitions There are many considerations when defi ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Boolean Algebra
In mathematics and mathematical logic, Boolean algebra is a branch of algebra. It differs from elementary algebra in two ways. First, the values of the variables are the truth values ''true'' and ''false'', usually denoted 1 and 0, whereas in elementary algebra the values of the variables are numbers. Second, Boolean algebra uses logical operators such as conjunction (''and'') denoted as ∧, disjunction (''or'') denoted as ∨, and the negation (''not'') denoted as ¬. Elementary algebra, on the other hand, uses arithmetic operators such as addition, multiplication, subtraction and division. So Boolean algebra is a formal way of describing logical operations, in the same way that elementary algebra describes numerical operations. Boolean algebra was introduced by George Boole in his first book ''The Mathematical Analysis of Logic'' (1847), and set forth more fully in his '' An Investigation of the Laws of Thought'' (1854). According to Huntington, the term "Boolean alg ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

American Mathematical Society
The American Mathematical Society (AMS) is an association of professional mathematicians dedicated to the interests of mathematical research and scholarship, and serves the national and international community through its publications, meetings, advocacy and other programs. The society is one of the four parts of the Joint Policy Board for Mathematics and a member of the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences. History The AMS was founded in 1888 as the New York Mathematical Society, the brainchild of Thomas Fiske, who was impressed by the London Mathematical Society on a visit to England. John Howard Van Amringe was the first president and Fiske became secretary. The society soon decided to publish a journal, but ran into some resistance, due to concerns about competing with the American Journal of Mathematics. The result was the ''Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society'', with Fiske as editorinchief. The de facto journal, as intended, was influential in ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Heap (mathematics)
In abstract algebra, a semiheap is an algebraic structure consisting of a nonempty set ''H'' with a ternary operation denoted ,y,z\in H that satisfies a modified associativity property: \forall a,b,c,d,e \in H \ \ \ \ a,b,cd,e] = ,c,b.html"_;"title=",[d,c,b">,[d,c,be=_[a,b,[c,d,e.html" ;"title=",c,b">,[d,c,be.html" ;"title=",c,b.html" ;"title=",[d,c,b">,[d,c,be">,c,b.html" ;"title=",[d,c,b">,[d,c,be= [a,b,[c,d,e">,c,b">,[d,c,be.html" ;"title=",c,b.html" ;"title=",[d,c,b">,[d,c,be">,c,b.html" ;"title=",[d,c,b">,[d,c,be= [a,b,[c,d,e. A biunitary element ''h'' of a semiheap satisfies [''h'',''h'',''k''] = ''k'' = [''k'',''h'',''h''] for every ''k'' in ''H''. A heap is a semiheap in which every element is biunitary. The term ''heap'' is derived from груда, Russian for "heap", "pile", or "stack". Anton Sushkevich used the term in his ''Theory of Generalized Groups'' (1937) which influenced Viktor Wagner, promulgator of semiheaps, heaps, and generalized heaps.C.D. Hollings & M ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 