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Sustainable Development Goal 9
Sustainable Development Goal 9 (Goal 9 or SDG 9) is about "industry, innovation and infrastructure" and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015. SDG 9 aims to build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation. SDG 9 has eight targets, and progress is measured by twelve indicators. The first five targets are "outcome targets": Develop sustainable, resilient and inclusive infrastructures; promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization; increase access to financial services and markets; upgrade all industries and infrastructures for sustainability; enhance research and upgrade industrial technologies. The remaining three targets are "means of achieving" targets: Facilitate sustainable infrastructure development for developing countries; support domestic technology development and industrial diversification; universal access to information and communications technology. The go ...
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Sustainable Development Goal 9
Sustainable Development Goal 9 (Goal 9 or SDG 9) is about "industry, innovation and infrastructure" and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015. SDG 9 aims to build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation. SDG 9 has eight targets, and progress is measured by twelve indicators. The first five targets are "outcome targets": Develop sustainable, resilient and inclusive infrastructures; promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization; increase access to financial services and markets; upgrade all industries and infrastructures for sustainability; enhance research and upgrade industrial technologies. The remaining three targets are "means of achieving" targets: Facilitate sustainable infrastructure development for developing countries; support domestic technology development and industrial diversification; universal access to information and communications technology. The go ...
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Europe
Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of th ... which is also recognised as part of Eurasia Eurasia () is the largest continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a ..., located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. The remain ... and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere 250px, Eastern Hemisphere The Eastern Hemisphere is a geographical term for the ...
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Sub-Saharan Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa (commonly called Black Africa) is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United Nations, it consists of all list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa, African countries and territories that are fully or partially south of the Sahara. While the United Nations geoscheme for Africa#Sub-Saharan Africa, United Nations geoscheme for Africa excludes Sudan from its definition of sub-Saharan Africa, Regions of the African Union, the African Union's definition includes Sudan but instead excludes Mauritania. It contrasts with North Africa, which is frequently grouped within the MENA ("Middle East and North Africa") region, and most of whose states are Member states of the Arab League, members of the Arab League (largely overlapping with the term "Arab world"). The states of Somalia, Djibouti, Comoros, and the Arabic, Arab-majority Mauritania (and sometimes Sudan) are, however, geographica ...
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Gross Domestic Product
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary Image:National-Debt-Gillray.jpeg, In a 1786 James Gillray caricature, the plentiful money bags handed to King George III are contrasted with the beggar whose legs and arms were amputated, in the left corner, 174x174px Money is any item or verif ... measure of the market value of all the final good A final good or consumer good is a final product In Production (economics), production, a final product, or finished product is a product (business), product that is ready for sale.Wouters, Mark; Selto, Frank H.; Hilton, Ronald W.; Maher, Micha ...s and services produced in a specific time period. GDP (nominal) per capita does not, however, reflect differences in the cost of living Protests in Aysén due to the high cost of living in Patagonia Cost of living is the cost In production, research Research is "creativity, creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge". It involves the ... ...
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Global Carbon Dioxide
Carbon dioxide () is an important trace gas in atmosphere of Earth, Earth's atmosphere. It is an integral part of the carbon cycle, a biogeochemical cycle in which carbon is exchanged between the Earth's oceans, soil, rocks and the biosphere. Plants and other photoautotrophs use solar energy to produce carbohydrate from atmospheric carbon dioxide and water by photosynthesis. Almost all other organisms depend on carbohydrate derived from photosynthesis as their primary source of energy and carbon compounds. absorbs and emits infrared radiation at wavelengths of 4.26 μm (2347 cm−1) (asymmetric stretching Infrared spectroscopy, vibrational mode) and 14.99 μm (666 cm−1) (bending vibrational mode) and consequently is a greenhouse gas that plays a significant role in influencing Earth's surface temperature through the greenhouse effect. Concentrations of in the atmosphere were as high as 4,000 parts per million (ppm, on a molar (unit), molar basis) during the Cambria ...
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Carbon Dioxide
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of s that constitute a particular or molecule, using symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and ... ) is a colorless gas Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter In physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its Motion (physics), motion and behavior through Spacetime, space ... with a density about 53% higher than that of dry air. Carbon dioxide molecule A scanning tunneling microscopy image of pentacene molecules, which consist of linear chains of five carbon rings. A molecule is an electrically Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion I ...s consist of a carbon Carbon (from la, carbo "coal") is a with the C and 6. It is lic an ...
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Industrial Processes
Industrial processes are procedures involving chemical A chemical substance is a form of matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume. All everyday objects that can be touched are ultimately composed of atoms, which ..., physical Physical may refer to: *Physical examination, a regular overall check-up with a doctor *Physical (album), ''Physical'' (album), a 1981 album by Olivia Newton-John **Physical (Olivia Newton-John song), "Physical" (Olivia Newton-John song) *Physical ( ..., electrical Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion Image:Leaving Yongsan Station.jpg, 300px, Motion involves a change in position In physics, motion is the phenomenon in which an object changes its positio ... or mechanical Mechanical may refer to: Machine * Mechanical system A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional properties. ...
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Retrofitting
Retrofitting is the addition of new technology or features to older systems, for example: * power plant A power station, also referred to as a power plant and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation A generation is "all of the people born and living Living or The Living may refer to: ... retrofit, improving power plant efficiency, increasing output or reducing emissions * home energy retrofit, the improving of existing buildings with energy efficiency Energy efficiency may refer to: * Energy efficiency (physics), the ratio between the useful output and input of an energy conversion process ** Electrical efficiency, useful power output per electrical power consumed ** Mechanical efficiency, a rat ... equipment * seismic retrofit Seismology (; from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the classical antiquity, ancient world from around 1500 BC t ...
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Global Value Chain
The concepts of a global value chain (GVC) and global supply chain refer to the people, roles and activities involved in the production of goods and services and their supply, distribution, and post-sales activities when those activities must be coordinated across geographies. GVC is similar to Industry Level Value Chain but encompasses operations at the global level. The concept of a value chain A value chain is a set of activities that a firm operating in a specific industry performs in order to deliver a valuable product (i.e., good 125px, In many Western religions, angels are considered to be good beings and are contrasted with ... has been used to analyze international trade International trade is the exchange of capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscul ... in global value chains and comprises “the ...
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COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic A pandemic (from , , "all" and , , "local people" the 'crowd') is an of an that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of individuals. A widespread disease with a stable number o ... of coronavirus disease 2019 Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease A contagious disease (or communicable disease) is a disease A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of all or p ... (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2) is the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019), the respiratory illness responsible for the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The virus previously had a Novel coro ... (SARS-CoV-2). The novel virus A novel virus is a virus that has not previousl ...
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