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Steve Crocker
Stephen D. Crocker (born October 15, 1944) is the inventor of the Request for Comments series, authoring the first RFC and many more. He attended Van Nuys High School, as did Vint Cerf and Jon Postel. Crocker received his bachelor's degree (1968) and PhD (1977) from the University of California, Los Angeles. Crocker was appointed as chair of the board of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN in 2011. Steve Crocker has worked in the Internet community since its inception. As a UCLA graduate student in the 1960s, he was part of the team that developed the protocols for the ARPANET which were the foundation for today's Internet. For this work, Crocker was awarded the 2002 IEEE Internet Award. While at UCLA Crocker taught an extension course on computer programming (for the IBM 7094 mainframe computer). The class was intended to teach digital processing and assembly language programming to high school teachers, so that they could offer such courses in the ...
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Request For Comments
A Request for Comments (RFC) is a publication in a series, from the principal technical development and standards-setting bodies for the Internet The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a ''internetworking, network of networks'' that consist ..., most prominently the Internet Engineering Task Force The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is an open standards organization, which develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the technical standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP). It has no formal ... (IETF). An RFC is authored by individuals or groups of engineers and computer scientist A computer scientist is a person who has acquired the knowledge of computer science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures ...
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Trusted Information Systems
Trusted Information Systems (TIS) was a computer security research and development company during the 1980s and 1990s, performing computer and communications (information) security research for organizations such as NSA The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency An intelligence agency is a government agency A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the m ..., DARPA The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is a research and development agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military. Originally known as the Ad ..., ARL, AFRL, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command, SPAWAR, and others. History TIS was founded in 1983 by NSA The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency An intelligence agency is a government agency A government or s ...
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Information Processing Techniques Office
The Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO), originally "Command and Control Research",Lyon, Matthew; Hafner, Katie (1999-08-19). ''Where Wizards Stay Up Late: The Origins Of The Internet'' (p. 39). Simon & Schuster. Kindle Edition. was part of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency of the United States Department of Defense. Origin According to an ARPA-sponsored history of the organization, IPTO grew from a distinctly unpromising beginning: the Air Force had a large, expensive computer (AN/FSQ-32, AN/FSQ 321A) which was intended as a backup for the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment, SAGE air defense program, but no longer needed; and it also had too few required tasks to maintain the desired staffing level at its main software contractor, the System Development Corporation (SDC). Accordingly, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering decided to capitalize on these "sunk costs" and SDC expertise by standing up an ARPA program in Command & Control Res ...
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Bob Kahn
Robert Elliot Kahn (born December 23, 1938) is an American electrical engineer Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design, and application of equipment, devices, and systems which use electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. It emerged as an identifiable occupation in the l ..., who, along with Vint Cerf Vinton Gray Cerf (; born June 23, 1943) is an American Internet pioneer and is recognized as one of "List of Internet pioneers, the fathers of the Internet", sharing this title with TCP/IP co-developer Bob Kahn. He has received honorary degrees ..., first proposed the Transmission Control Protocol The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is one of the main protocols of the Internet protocol suite The Internet protocol suite, commonly known as TCP/IP, is the set of communications protocol A communication protocol is a system of rules ... (TCP) and the Internet Protocol The Internet Protocol (IP) is the network ...
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Lawrence Roberts (scientist)
Lawrence Gilman Roberts (December 21, 1937 – December 26, 2018) was an American engineer Engineers, as practitioners of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of enginee ... who received the Draper Prize in 2001 "for the development of the Internet The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a ''internetworking, network of networks'' that consist ...", and the Principe de Asturias Award in 2002. As a program manager and later office director at the Advanced Research Projects Agency The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is a research and development agency of the United States Department of Defense The United States Department of Defense ...
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Barry Wessler
Barry may refer to: People and fictional characters * Barry (name), including lists of people with the given name, nickname or surname, as well as fictional characters with the given name * Dancing Barry, stage name of Barry Richards (born c. 1950), former dancer at National Basketball Association games Places Canada *Barry Lake, Quebec *Barry Islands, Nunavut United Kingdom * Barry, Angus, Scotland, a village ** Barry Mill, a watermill * Barry, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales, a town ** Barry Railway Company United States * Barry, Illinois, a city * Barry, Minnesota, a city * Barry, Texas, a city * Barry County, Michigan * Barry County, Missouri * Barry Township (other), in several states * Fort Barry, Marin County, California, a former US Army installation Elsewhere * Barry Island (Debenham Islands), Antarctica * Barry, New South Wales, Australia, a village * Barry, Hautes-Pyrénées, France, a commune Arts and entertainment * Barry (album), ''Barry'' (album), by Barry Mani ...
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Cordell Green
Cordell Green is an American computer scientist who is the director and chief scientist of the Kestrel Institute. Green received a B.A. and B.S. from Rice University earned an M.S. and PhD (1969) from Stanford University. Green worked at the DARPA Information Processing Techniques Office, where he helped to plan the Speech Understanding Research Project and also served as an assistant to Lawrence Roberts (scientist), Lawrence Roberts, who was then creating ARPANET. At Stanford, Green was a lecturer and assistant professor of computer science and was part of the Artificial Intelligence Group at the Stanford Research Institute (now known as SRI International). In 1985, Green was awarded the Grace Murray Hopper Award for establishing the theoretical basis of the field of logic programming. In 2002, he was awarded the Stevens Award for "contributions to methods for software and systems development". He is a fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery, ACM, Association for the ...
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Charles Babbage Institute
The Charles Babbage Institute is a research center at the University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (the U of M or Minnesota) is a public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul, Twin Cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota. The T ... specializing in the history of information technology, particularly the history of digital computing, programming/software, and computer networking since 1935. The institute is named for Charles Babbage Charles Babbage (; 26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871) was an English polymath. A mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer, Babbage originated the concept of a digital programmable computer. Babbage is considered ..., the nineteenth-century English inventor of the programmable computer. The Institute is located in Elmer L. Andersen Library at the University of Minnesota Libraries The University of Minnesota Librarie ...
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List Of Internet Pioneers
Instead of a single "inventor", the Internet The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a ''internetworking, network of networks'' that consist ... was developed by many people over many years. The following are some Internet pioneers who contributed to its early development. These include early theoretical foundations, specifying original protocols, and expansion beyond a research tool to wide deployment. The pioneers Claude Shannon Claude Shannon (1916–2001) called the "father of modern information theory Information theory is the scientific study of the quantification (science), quantification, computer data storage, storage, and telecommunication, communication of Digital data, digital information. The field was fundamentally established by the ...", published "A Mathematical Theory of Communication "A Mathematical Th ...
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Internet Hall Of Fame
The Internet Hall of Fame is an honorary lifetime achievement award wahoo Lifetime achievement awards are awarded by various organizations, to recognize contributions over the whole of a career, rather than or in addition to single contributions. Such awards, and organizations presenting them, include: 0 ... administered by the Internet Society The Internet Society (ISOC) is an American nonprofit advocacy organization founded in 1992. Its mission is "to promote the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world." It has offices ... (ISOC) in recognition of individuals who have made significant contributions to the development and advancement of the Internet The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a ''internetworking, network of networks'' that consist ....< ...
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Internet Society
The Internet Society (ISOC) is an American nonprofit advocacy organization founded in 1992. Its mission is "to promote the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world." It has offices in Reston, Virginia Reston is a census-designated place A census-designated place (CDP) is a Place (United States Census Bureau), concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only. CDPs have been used in each decenni ..., U.S., and Geneva Geneva ( ; french: Genève ; frp, Genèva ; german: link=no, Genf ; it, Ginevra ; rm, Genevra) is the List of cities in Switzerland, second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of Romandy, the French-spea ..., Switzerland. Most board members and senior staff are from the United States and Europe. Organization The Internet Society has regional bureaus worldwide, composed of chapters, organizational members, a ...
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Internet Architecture Board
The Internet Architecture Board (IAB) is "a committee of the Internet Engineering Task Force The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is an open standards organization, which develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the technical standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP). It has no formal ... (IETF) and an advisory body of the Internet Society The Internet Society (ISOC) is an American nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a col ... (ISOC). Its responsibilities include architectural oversight of IETF activities, Internet Standards Process oversight and appeal, and the appointment of the Request for Comments A Request for Comments (RFC) is a publication in a series, from the principal technical development and standards-setting bodies for the Internet Th ...
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