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Skyscraper
A skyscraper is a tall continuously habitable building having multiple floors. Modern sources currently define skyscrapers as being at least 100 metres or 150 metres in height, though there is no universally accepted definition. Skyscrapers are very tall high-rise buildings. Historically, the term first referred to buildings with between 10 and 20 stories when these types of buildings began to be constructed in the 1880s. Skyscrapers may host offices, hotels, residential spaces, and retail spaces. One common feature of skyscrapers is having a steel framework that supports curtain wall (architecture), curtain walls. These curtain walls either bear on the framework below or are suspended from the framework above, rather than resting on load-bearing walls of conventional construction. Some early skyscrapers have a steel frame that enables the construction of load-bearing walls taller than of those made of reinforced concrete. Modern skyscrapers' walls are not load-bearing, and m ...
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Burj Khalifa
The Burj Khalifa ( ar, برج خليفة, ; pronounced , literally "Khalifa Tower" in English), known as the Burj Dubai prior to its inauguration in 2010, is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. With a total height of 829.8 m (2,722 ft, just over half a mile) and a roof height (excluding antenna, but including a 244 m spire) of , the Burj Khalifa has been the List of tallest structures, tallest structure and List of tallest buildings, building in the world since its topping out in 2009 (preceded by Taipei 101). Construction of the Burj Khalifa began in 2004, with the exterior completed five years later in 2009. The primary structure is reinforced concrete. The building was opened in 2010 as part of a new development called Downtown Dubai. It is designed to be the centrepiece of large-scale, mixed-use development. The decision to construct the building is based on the government's decision to diversify from an oil-based economy, and for Dubai to gain international re ...
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Equitable Life Building (Manhattan)
The Equitable Life Assurance Building, also known as the Equitable Life Building, was the headquarters of the Equitable Life Assurance Society of the United States, at 120 Broadway (Manhattan), Broadway in Manhattan, New York. Arthur Gilman and Edward H. Kendall designed the building, with George B. Post as a consulting engineer. The Equitable Life Building was made of brick, granite, and iron, and was originally built with seven above-ground stories and two basement levels, with a height of at least . An expansion in 1885 brought the total height to and nine stories. Construction began in 1868 and was completed in 1870 under the leadership of Equitable's president Henry Baldwin Hyde. It was the world's first office building to feature passenger elevators and consequently became successful attracting tenants. The Equitable Life Building was expanded numerous times; after the construction of annexes during the late 1880s, the building occupied its entire block, bounded by Broad ...
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Monadnock Building
The Monadnock Building (historically the Monadnock Block; pronounced ) is a 16-story skyscraper A skyscraper is a tall continuously habitable building having multiple floors. Modern sources currently define skyscrapers as being at least 100 metres or 150 metres in height, though there is no universally accepted definition. Skyscrapers ar ... located at 53 West Jackson Boulevard in the south Loop area of Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_name .... The north half of the building was designed by the firm of Burnham & Root Burnham and Root was one of Chicago's most famous architectural companies of the nineteenth century. It was established by Daniel Burnham, Daniel Hudson Burnham and John Wellborn Root. During their eighteen years of partnership, Burnham and ...
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Home Insurance Building
The Home Insurance Building was a early skyscrapers, skyscraper that stood in Chicago from 1885 to 1931. Originally ten stories and tall, it was designed by William Le Baron Jenney in 1884 and completed the next year. Two floors were added in 1891, bringing it to . It is frequently noted as the first tall building to be supported both inside and outside by a fireproof structural steel and metal Structural system, frame, which included reinforced concrete. It is thus considered the world's first skyscraper. The building opened in 1885 and was demolished 46 years later in 1931. History The building was designed in 1884 by Jenney for the Home Insurance Company. Construction began on May 1, 1884. Because of the building's unique architecture and weight-bearing frame, it is considered one of the world's Early skyscrapers, first skyscrapers. It had 10 stories and rose to a height of ; two additional floors were added in 1891, bring the total to 12 floors, an unprecedent height at ...
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New York City
New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Colu ..., or NYC for short, is the most populous city The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities in all jurisdictions are classified using the same criteria. Cities may be defined as the city proper, cities proper, the extent of their urban area, or the ... in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over , New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the State of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area The New York metropolitan area, also commonly referred to as the Tri-State area, is the ...
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Shenzhen
Shenzhen (; ; ), also known as Sham Chun, is a major sub-provincial A sub-provincial division () (or deputy-provincial divisions) in China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous count ... city and one of the special economic zones A special economic zone is an area in which the business and trade laws are different from the rest of the country. SEZs are located within a country's national borders, and their aims include increased trade balance, employment, increased inve ... of China. The city is located on the east bank of the Pearl River The Pearl River, also known by its Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by populati ... estuary An estuary is a partially enclosed Coast, co ...
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Tube (structure)
In structural engineering, the tube is a system where, to resist Structural load, lateral loads (wind, seismic, impact), a building is designed to act like a hollow cylinder, cantilevered perpendicular to the ground. This system was introduced by Fazlur Rahman Khan while at the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), in their Chicago office. The first example of the tube's use is the 43-story Khan-designed DeWitt-Chestnut Apartment Building, since renamed Plaza on DeWitt, in Chicago, Illinois, finished in 1966. The system can be built using steel, concrete, or composite construction (the discrete use of both steel and concrete). It can be used for office building, office, apartment building, apartment, and Mixed-use development, mixed-use buildings. Most buildings of over 40 stories built since the 1960s are of this structural type. Concept The tube system concept is based on the idea that a building can be designed to resist lateral loads by designing it as a hollow ...
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Louis Sullivan
Louis Henry Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, and has been called a "father of skyscrapers" and "father of modernism". He was an influential architect of the Chicago School, a mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, designer, writer, and educator. He designed more than 1,000 structures over a creative period of 70 years. Wright believed in designing in harmony with humanity and th ..., and an inspiration to the Chicago group of architects who have come to be known as the Prairie School Robie House, 1910. It is considered by many to be the quintessential Prairie house Prairie School is a late 19th- and early 20th-century architectural style, most common in the Midwestern United States. The style is usually marked by horizon .... Along with Wright and Henry Hobson Richardson Henry Hobson Richardson (September 29, 1838 – April 27, 1886) was a prominent No ...
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High-rise Building
A high-rise building is a tall building A building, or edifice, is a structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory. Buildings come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and functions, and have been adapted throughout history for a ..., as opposed to a low-rise building Typical German Fachwerkhäuser in the Hanseatic Harbour of Stade, Germany, 270x270px A low-rise is a building that is only a few stories tall or any building that is shorter than a high-rise, though others include the classification of mid-rise. ... and is defined differently in terms of height depending on the jurisdiction Jurisdiction (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be i .... It is used as a residential A residential area is a land used in which ho ...
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Tokyo
Tokyo (Japanese language, Japanese: , ''Tōkyō'' ), historically known in the west as Tokio and officially the Tokyo Metropolis (, ''Tōkyō-to''), is capital of Japan, the capital and most populous Prefectures of Japan, prefecture of Japan. Located at the head of Tokyo Bay, the prefecture forms part of the Kantō region on the central Pacific coast of Japan's main island of Honshu. Tokyo is the political and economic center of the country, as well as the seat of the Emperor of Japan and the Government of Japan, national government. , the prefecture has an estimated population of 14.04 million. The Greater Tokyo Area is the List of metropolitan areas by population, most populous metropolitan area in the world, with an estimated 37.468 million residents in 2018. Originally a fishing village, named Edo, the city became a prominent political center in 1603, when it became the seat of the Tokugawa shogunate. By the mid-18th century, Edo was one of the most populous cities i ...
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Shanghai
Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China. The city is located on the southern estuary of the Yangtze River, with the Huangpu River flowing through it. With a population of 24.87 million , it is the List of cities in China by population and built-up area, most populous urban area in China, the List of largest cities, most populous city proper in the world and the only List of cities by GDP, city in East Asia with a GDP greater than its corresponding capital. Shanghai is a global center for Global Financial Centres Index, finance, Shanghai#Economy, business and economics, List of cities by scientific output, research, Shanghai#Education and research, education, list of technology centers, science and technology, manufacturing, List of tourist attractions in Shanghai, tourism, Culture of Shanghai, culture and Tran ...
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Hong Kong
Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a ... and special administrative region A special administrative region is a designation for types of administrative territorial entities in Mainland China Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, China mainland, or the Mainland Area of the Republic of China is the geopo ... of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta The Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region (PRD; ; pt, Delta do Rio das Pérolas (DRP)) is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River The Pearl River, also known by its Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China ... in South China South ...
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