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2012 Libyan Parliamentary Election
Elections for a General National Congress (GNC) were held in Libya on 7 July 2012, having been postponed from 19 June. They were the first elections since the Libyan Civil War (2011), overthrow and death of Muammar Gaddafi, death of longtime ruler Muammar Gaddafi a year earlier, the first free national elections since 1952 Libyan general election, 1952, and only the second free national elections since Libya gained independence in 1951. Once elected, the General National Congress was to appoint a List of heads of government of Libya, Prime Minister and Cabinet of Libya, Cabinet. The GNC was originally to be charged with appointing a Constituent Assembly to draw up Libya's new constitution, but the National Transitional Council (NTC) announced on 5 July that the Assembly would instead be directly elected at a later date. Despite threats of a boycott, a majority of Libyans (61.58%) cast a ballot. However, the election was marred by violence, protests and a number of deaths. Electo ...
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General National Congress
The General National Congress or General National Council (GNC; ar, المؤتمر الوطني العام, Berber language, Berber: Agraw Amuran Amatay) was the Legislature, legislative authority of Libya for two years following the end of the First Libyan Civil War. It was elected by popular vote on 7 July 2012, and took power from the National Transitional Council on 8 August. Tasked primarily with transitioning Libya to a permanent democratic constitution, it was given an 18-month deadline to fulfil this goal. When the deadline passed with work on the new constitution only just getting underway, Congress was forced to organise elections to a new House of Representatives (Libya), House of Representatives, which took power and replaced it on 4 August 2014. A non-reelected minority of former GNC members, supported by the Libya Revolutionaries Operations Room, LROR and Libya Shield Force, Central Shield armed groups, met on 25 August 2014 and declared a National Salvation Gover ...
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List Of Heads Of Government Of Libya
A ''list'' is any set of items. List or lists may also refer to: People * List (surname) Organizations * List College, an undergraduate division of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America * SC Germania List, German rugby union club Other uses * List (watercraft), the leaning to either port or starboard of a ship * List (abstract data type) * List on Sylt, previously called List, the northernmost village in Germany, on the island of Sylt * ''List'', an alternative term for ''roll'' in flight dynamics * To ''list'' a building, etc., in the UK it means to designate it a listed building that may not be altered without permission * Lists (jousting), the barriers used to designate the tournament area where medieval knights jousted See also

* Listing (other) * The List (other) * * Liszt (other) * LST (other) {{DEFAULTSORT:List of ru:Список ...
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United Nations Support Mission In Libya
The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) is a United Nations (UN) advanced mission in Libya, created in the aftermath of the 2011 Libyan Civil War, Libyan Civil War. UNSMIL is a political mission, not a military mission. The main elements of its mandate defined by the UN include supporting Libyan transitional authorities in "post-conflict efforts", providing mediation in implementing Libyan political agreements, supporting key Libyan institutions and monitoring and reporting on human rights. UNSMIL is led by the UN Department of Political Affairs. Aims and UN hierarchy UNSMIL's initial mandate defined by the UN in 2011 mainly focused on supporting Libyan transitional authorities, including the National Transitional Council, National Transitional Council of Libya, in "post-conflict efforts" to establish institutions supporting the rule of law. Under United Nations Security Council Resolution 2009 (UNSCR 2009, in 2011), UNSMIL's mandate was more formally defined, in tha ...
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Benghazi
() , ; it, Bengasi; tr, Bingazi; ber, Bernîk, script=Latn; also: ''Bengasi'', ''Benghasi'', ''Banghāzī'', ''Binghāzī'', ''Bengazi''; grc, Βερενίκη (') and '., group=note (''lit. Son of he'') is a city in . Located on the in the , Benghazi is a major seaport and the city in the country, as well as the largest city in , with an estimated population of 632,937 in 2019. A Greek colony named had existed in the area from around 525 BC. In the 3rd century BC, it was relocated and refounded as the city of Berenice. Berenice prospered under the Romans, and after the 3rd century AD it superseded and as the centre of Cyrenaica. The city went into decline during the period and had already been reduced to a small town before . In 1911, captured Benghazi and the rest of from the . Under Italian rule, Benghazi witnessed a period of extensive development and modernization, particularly in the second half of the 1930s. The city changed hands several times during and w ...
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Council Of Cyrenaica
A council is a group of people who come together to consult, deliberate, or make decisions. A council may function as a legislature, especially at a town, city or county/shire level, but most legislative bodies at the state/provincial or national level are not considered councils. At such levels, there may be no separate executive branch, and the council may effectively represent the entire government. A board of directors might also be denoted as a council. A committee might also be denoted as a council, though a committee is generally a subordinate body composed of members of a larger body, while a council may not be. Because many schools have a student council, the council is the form of governance with which many people are likely to have their first experience as electors or participants. A member of a council may be referred to as a councillor or councilperson, or by the gender-specific titles of councilman and councilwoman. In politics Notable examples of types of counc ...
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Muslim Brotherhood
The Society of the Muslim Brothers ( ar, جماعة الإخوان المسلمين'' ''), better known as the Muslim Brotherhood ( '), is a transnational Sunni Sunni Islam () is by far the largest branch Image:Tree Leaves.JPG, The branches and leaves of a tree. A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany as a ramus) is a woody structural member connected to but not part o ... Islamist organization founded in Egypt by Islamic scholar In Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the ''s'' is or , and whether the ''a'' is pronounced , or (when the stress is on the firs ... and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna Sheikh Sheikh ( , ; ar, شيخ ' , mostly pronounced , plural The plural (sometimes abbreviated An abbreviation (from Latin ''brevis'', meaning ''short'') is a shortened form of a word or phrase, by any method. It may c ...
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Cumulative Voting
Cumulative voting (also accumulation voting, weighted voting or multi-voting) is a multiple-winner cardinal voting method intended to promote more proportional representation than First-past-the-post, winner-take-all elections. Cumulative voting is used frequently in corporate governance, where it is mandated by some (7) U.S. states. ''(See e.g., Minn. Stat. Sec. 302A.111 subd. 2(d).)'' History It was used to elect the Illinois House of Representatives from 1870 until its repeal in 1980 and used in England in the late 19th century to elect some school boards. As of March 2012, more than fifty communities in the United States use cumulative voting, all resulting from cases brought under the National Voting Rights Act of 1965. Among them are Peoria, Illinois for half of its city council, Chilton County, Alabama for its county council and school board, and Amarillo, Texas, for its school board and College Board of Regents. Courts sometimes mandate its use as a remedy in lawsuits b ...
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Agence France-Presse
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France. Founded in 1835 as Havas, it is the world's oldest news agency. AFP has regional headquarters in Nicosia, Nicosia, Cyprus, Montevideo, Montevideo, Uruguay, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China and Washington, D.C., Washington, D.C., United States, and News bureau, news bureaus in 151 countries in 201 locations. AFP transmits stories, videos, photos and graphics in French language, French, English language, English, Arabic language, Arabic, Portuguese language, Portuguese, Spanish language, Spanish, and German language, German. History Agence France-Presse has its origins in the Agence Havas, founded in 1835 in Paris by Charles-Louis Havas, making it the world's oldest news service. The agency pioneered the collection and dissemination of news as a commodity, and had established itself as a fully global concern by the late 19th century. Two Havas employees, Paul Julius Reuter and Bernhard Wolff, set ...
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Party-list Proportional Representation
Party-list proportional representation is a subset of proportional representation#REDIRECT Proportional representation Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. The concept applies mainly to geographical, and to ideolog ... electoral systems in which multiple candidates are elected (e.g., elections to parliament In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of ...) through their position on an electoral list An electoral list is a grouping of candidates for election, usually in proportional electoral systems, but also in some plurality electoral systems. An electoral list can be registered by a political party A political party is an organiza .... They can also b ...
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Parallel Voting
Parallel voting describes a mixed electoral system An electoral system or voting system is a set of rules that determine how elections and Referendum, referendums are conducted and how their results are determined. Political electoral systems are organized by governments, while non-political ele ... where voters participate in an election, or in effect two elections that are organizationally combined, whereby representatives are voted into a chamber using at least two different systems. Parallel voting, sometimes known as mixed member majoritarian (MMM), semi-proportional, or supplementary member (SM) system, combines first-past-the-post voting In a first-past-the-post electoral system An electoral system or voting system is a set of rules that determine how elections and Referendum, referendums are conducted and how their results are determined. Political electoral systems are or ... (FPTP) with party-list proportional representation Party-list proportional repre ...
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Electoral District
An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) precinct, electoral area, circumscription, or electorate, is a subdivision of a larger state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, Un ... (a country, administrative region, or other polity A polity is an identifiable political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the Cognition, cog ...) created to provide its population with representation in the larger state's legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative a ...
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Jamahiriya
The Third International Theory () was the style of government proposed by Muammar Gaddafi in the early 1970s, on which his government, the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, was officially based. It was partly inspired by Islamic socialism, Arab nationalism, African nationalism and partly by the principles of direct democracy. It has similarities with the system of Yugoslav municipal Workers' self-management, self-management in Titoism, Titoist Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Yugoslavia, and the Yugoslav Third Way during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s as developed by Edvard Kardelj. It was also heavily inspired by Mao Zedong Thought and the Three Worlds Theory. It was proposed by Gaddafi as an alternative to capitalism and Marxism–Leninism for Third World countries, based on the stated belief that both of these ideologies had been proven invalid. The Higher Council for National Guidance was created to disseminate and implement this theory, and it found pa ...
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